The new syllabuses had to undergo many changes:
- a shift from a skill based approach to a competence based approach through real life situations;
- a shift from a school cut off from society to one that prepares citizens for a smooth insertion into socio-cultural and
economic activities ;
- a shift from an evaluation of knowledge to that of competences necessary to sustainable development.
When these new changes and orientations were taken into account, they naturally led to a shift of paradigm within the curriculum
reform process. The option we have adopted is the competence based approach through real life situations.
The syllabuses of the first cycle of Secondary General Education are broken down into 5 areas of learning, each of them containing
a given number of disciplines as shown in the table below.